Globally intense efforts are being taken currently to combat climate change and limit global warming to well below 20ºC by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Towards achieving this goal, energy sectors worldwide are taking every possible effort to transition, as rapidly as they can, from fossil fuel-based energy production to one of low carbon solution system through renewables. Understandably, the geographical efforts in this process are uneven due to the different country settings. The transition seems ever challenging for countries in the global South due to its limited resources with multiple priorities leaving them behind in the race towards renewables, despite having the advantage to leapfrog. To leave it no further behind, locally and globally suitable initiatives are being advanced to infuse and diffuse transitions more rapidly in the global South.

Against this backdrop, the ANCEHA research group focuses on unpacking the geopolitical reflections and justice, equity and democracy concerns in energy transitions in the global South. The research also explores the drivers, barriers, and contestations in these settings when implementing renewable energy technologies by looking at its experiences from Sri Lanka.